Robusta coffee beans ( Robusta coffee, scientific name is Coffea canephora var. Robusta) is one of two coffee varieties commercially available in Vietnam besides Arabica coffee . In which, about 30-40% of coffee production in the world is produced from this tree. In the world, the country with the largest Robusta coffee export volume in the world is Vietnam. Besides, there are other major coffee exporting countries including Brazil, Indonesia, India, Malaysia, Uganda, Côte d’Ivoire. In Brazil, Robusta beans are called with another name is Conilon.
CHARACTERISTICS OF ROBUSTA COFFEE
Like other varieties of coffee trees, Robusta coffee trees grow shrubs, with a large size different from the height of mature trees up to 10m, which is also the reason why Robusta is grown with low density. than Arabica because of the large canopy.
Robusta coffee berries have round shape, in which Robusta beans are smaller than Arabica coffee beans (tea coffee). However, the caffeine content of Robusta seeds is about 2-4%, while that in arabica seeds is only about 1-2%.
Like Arabica, Robusta coffee trees can begin to harvest after 3-4 years old. The shelf life of Arabica coffee trees gives fruit in about 20-30 years. Robusta coffee trees live well in the tropics, and the appropriate height for planting is below 800m. The suitable temperature for laying in plants is about 18-36 ° C. Robusta plants need more sunlight than Arabica.
ORIGIN AND INDIGENOUS DISTRIBUTION OF ROBUSTA COFFEE
Coffea Canephora , also known as Robusta Coffee, was first discovered in Congo in the 1800s, is a native Victorian arc tree in Uganda. Until 100 years later, Robusta coffee was brought to Southeast Asia to grow after the Arabica variety was completely swept in Sri Lanka in 1867.
TASTE PROPERTIES OF ROBUSTA COFFEE
The taste of Robusta coffee has always been underestimated compared to Arabica, in which Robusta has a more protein, bitter, bitter and sour taste than Arabica.
While Arabica coffee is said to have a more splendid flavor with higher acidity, richer flavor, and is always considered to be more premium than Robusta. In addition, Robusta coffee is processed dry while Arabica coffee is made wet, resulting in a more bitter and burning flavor.
However, in contrast to the fact that the taste is completely lost compared to Arabica, Robusta has twice the caffeine content of Arabica (2% – 2.5% compared to 1% – 1.5%). Therefore, if you know how to combine these two types of coffee together, the coffee flavor will keep the delicious taste of Arabica and the quality of Robusta.
Maybe you didn’t know: most Italian coffees always use 10-15% Robusta coffee to enhance flavor, caffeine and create more appealing Crema)
ROBUSTA COFFEE HAT IN VIETNAM
Referring to coffee in Vietnam, one of the top coffee exporting countries in the world. In particular, the Central Highlands provinces with famous Robusta coffee growing regions such as Cau Dat, Nui Min, Tram Hanh (Lam Dong) and especially Buon Ma Thuot (Dak Lak).
Dak Lak is the land with the best potential for developing coffee trees in Vietnam. During the period of French colonial rule, their geologists carefully surveyed about soil, climate, altitude, … and decided to choose Buon Ma Thuot as a place to cultivate coffee crops. Taking Buon Ma Thuot as the center within a 10 km radius of Robusta coffee growing all produces good physicality: Ea Kao, Etam, Tan Lap, Tan Hoa, Tan An, Tan Loi, Cu Ebut, and some other districts …
ROBUSTA COFFEE BEANS AT CYCLO COFFEE
Cyclo Coffee – specializes in providing coffee beans with gums Robusta coffee beans, Arabica, pure loris at low prices. We supply coffee beans from the roasting factory so we always ensure that the products are of high quality, roasted at the right temperature, without mixing compounds or other nuts.